Paramilitary Attack on Colombian Peace Community: Take Action
At 10:15 AM on Friday December 29th, four paramilitaries entered the Peace Community of San JosÃ© de ApartadÃ³ in Colombia and tried to assassinate GermÃ¡n Graciano Posso, the legal representative of the community.The attack took place in a community store and luckily, other unarmed community members present were able to fight off the armed attackers. Two paramilitaries were detained by the community, handed over to the Ministry of the Interior and then to the FiscalÃa (Prosecutor/Attorney General’s office). Two paramilitaries escaped. However, reports now claim those who were arrested have already been released.
The Peace Community was founded twenty years ago, in the midst of violence, forced displacement and killings. It is ï¿½ a space of non-violent resistance by small-scale farmers and has become emblematic of the civilian population’s collective struggle to separate itself from Colombian armed conflict. One of the most notorious massacres that impacted the Peace Community took place February 21, 2005, when eight people were murdered and dismembered in the villages of Mulatos and La Resbalosa, including three minors andCommunity leader Luis Eduardo Guerra.
This most recent attack is incredibly alarming. It is emblematic of the ongoing systematic targeting of activists and communities in Colombia who strive to build nonviolent futures. GermÃ¡n Graciano Posso, whose life was threatened in the attack, has already lost thirteen members of his family during the armed conflict, including his father and two brothers.
These systematic attacks and threats on community leaders, as well as the increased presence of (neo)paramilitaries, continue to occur despite a heavy military presence. For example, there is a constant military presence on the road to the San JosÃ© Peace Community and in the surrounding area. Continued paramilitary attacks point to the (US funded) militaryâ€™s dereliction of duty and/or military collaboration with paramilitaries.
At a time when the Colombian government is supposed to be implementing peace processes, human rights defenders and peace communities should be feeling increased safety and experiencing fewer threats and violence. ï¿½ As we have noted far too many times this past year, there were over 100 threats and assassinations of social leaders in Colombia in 2017 alone. Since the Colombian government signed the US-backed Peace Accords with the FARC, assassinations of community leaders not only are continuing, but seem to be increasing. According to Father Javier Giraldo, SJ, one of the most vocal advocates for the peace community, â€œThe paramilitaries are trying to take control of the territories that the FARC guerrillas have left during the current demobilization process.â€ Assassinations largely targetactivists who are working towards communal change and protecting their territory, crops and livelihoods. And as the lives of social leaders in Colombia are in constant peril, more broadly, so is peace itself.
Demand more protection for threatened leaders
Itâ€™s imperative that we maintain political pressure to end the saga of violence thatâ€™s plagued Colombian activists and peace communities throughout the countryâ€™s history of conflict.
- Immediate, effective protection for GermÃ¡n Graciano Posso of the Peace Community of San JosÃ© de ApartadÃ³, and all social leaders and human rights defenders throughout Colombia.
- Strong condemnation by the US State Department of the ongoing threats and assassinations of social leaders.
- Prompt and complete implementation of the peace accord with the FARC–and the forthcoming accord with the National Liberation Army (ELN) guerrilla group, when completed–including meaningful inclusion of Afro-descendant and Indigenous peoples throughout the implementation process.
- Protection of of Indigenous and Afro-Colombian peoplesâ€™ territorial and other collective rights, provided through meaningful inclusion and consultation with Afro-descendant and Indigenous peoples.
- De-classification of the list of Colombian units who have lost funding under the Leahy Law.
The Witness for Peace Colombia Program
Witness for Peace
1115 Massachusetts Ave. NW
Washington, DC 20005
Sent via ActionNetwork.org.